How does one know if he or she is positively infected with HIV? HIV being one of the public’s major health and often known as the disease that leads to a full blown AIDS, is now also one of the most common STDs. This means that every year, HIV patients increase at an alarming rate. Despite increased awareness about HIV, AIDS and the risks of unprotected sex, many people don’t know what the early symptoms of HIV are.
HIV is not a very contagious disease, so the risk of contracting it is low. However, if one practices unprotected sex, then his or her risk is increased of being infected with it. The problem with it is that HIV does not show symptoms during its initial stage. In fact, many HIV patients did not know that they are already infected with the disease for years. Of course, the earlier the infection is diagnosed with an accurate HIV test, the better the chances of treatment.
Early stage HIV can share many of the same symptoms as common conditions like sore and dry throat, headache and high fever, feeling fatigued and lacking in energy, pain in the joints, muscles and lower back, feeling nauseous and having a low appetite, swollen glands, rash on the chest and occasionally arms and diarrhea. These may be mistaken for other illnesses, but if you feel like you have been infected with HIV and has showed one or few of these symptoms, one has to consult the doctor right away. An HIV test may be immediately conducted.
If you have been tested negative and still, symptoms occur, it does not mean that you are infection free. One has to return after a few weeks to take the HIV test again. Some tests do not identify latent infections. It could be that when you took the test, the infection is inactive at that time.
If after the test, one is diagnosed to be positively infected with HIV, he or she may be given treatment as soon as possible. HIV is an incurable disease. There is yet a medicine that can cure the said disease. However, there are preemptive medications that may be given to prevent the infection from spreading to other body organs of the patient. This will then deliberate the complications that may happen to the patient. A person diagnosed with untreatable diseases may take antiviral drugs to control the spread of the virus onto the other body parts. This also controls the severity of the disease, which makes the feeling of the patient be normal again.
People who are sexually active, has multiple sex partners and does not use protection during sex should take a regular HIV or STD testing. This is to make sure that they are not yet infected with diseases that are sexually transmitted. Also, people who have been diagnosed with STD before are still required to do follow up checkups to make sure that the patient has not been infected with HIV. STD patients are more susceptible to HIV infection due to the weakening of their immune system. This makes it hard for the body to fight other illnesses or diseases.